***How is it Caused? ***
Injury of any kind can cause a bone bruise. Sports injuries, motor vehicle accidents, or falls. Twisting injuries—such as those that cause ligament sprains. Medical conditions such as arthritis may also lead to a bone bruise. This is because where there’s arthritis, bone surfaces are not protected and they grind against each other.
1️⃣Subperiosteal hematoma: A bruise that occurs due to an impact on the periosteum that leads to pooling of blood in the region.
2️⃣Intraosseous Bruising: The bruise occurs in the bone marrow and is due to high impact stress on the bone.
3️⃣Subchondral Bruise: This bruise is bleeding between cartilage and bone such as in a joint.
*** Symptoms of Bone Bruises***
•Pain and tenderness in the region of injury
•Swelling in the region of injury
•Skin discoloration in the region of injury
***How is a bone bruise treated?***
- Resting the bone or joint
- Applying ice to the area several times a day
- Raising the injury above the level of your heart to reduce swelling
- Medicine to reduce pain and swelling
- Wearing a brace or other device to limit movement, if needed
- Eating a diet that is rich in calcium, vitamin D, and protein can help you heal.
Most bone bruises slowly heal over 1 to 2 months. A larger bone bruise may take longer to heal. You may not be able to return to sports activities for weeks or months. If your symptoms don’t go away, your healthcare provider may recommend you for MRI.